On-the-job training is an important topic of human resource management. It helps develop the career of the individual and the prosperous growth of the organization. On the job training is a form of training provided at the workplace. During the training, employees are familiarized with the working environment they will become part of. Employees also get a hands-on experience using machinery, equipment, tools, materials, etc. Part of on-the-job training is to face the challenges that occur during the performance of the job. An experienced employee or a manager are executing the role of the mentor who through written, or verbal instructions and demonstrations are passing on his/her knowledge and company-specific skills to the new employee. Executing the training on at the job location, rather than the classroom, creates a stress-free environment for the employees. On-the-job training is highly used for practical tasks. It is inexpensive, and it doesn't require special equipment that is normally used for a specific job. Upon satisfaction of completion of the training, the employer is expected to retain participants as regular employees. And it is paid which helps in monitory benefits for economically weak students.
On-the-job vs. off-the-job training There are two methods used for training new employees:
on-the-job training and off-the-job training (training simulation). Both methods are effective;
however, they are very different and require specific measures. On-the-job training refers to
the training provided at the job location by an experienced supervisor or manager who is
passionate about their job and will relay the information to the newly hired, whereas the
off-the-job method involves giving training to the employees at a place other than the real job
location, where simulations, videos, and tests are replacing the human interaction.
Off-the-job training is usually executed by an outsourced vendor outside of the company. Key differences between on-the-job and off-the-job training include but are not limited to: Category On-the-job Training Off-the-job Training Location Imparted at the actual job location At a place other than the real job location Approach Practical Theoretical Time Consumption Less time More Time Learning Method Learning by doing the task Learning by acquiring knowledge Effect on Production No, because trainees produce the products during learning Yes, because training is provided first, which is followed by a performance Who Performs the Training Employees, internal trainers or managers Experts outside of the company Cost Inexpensive Expensive
On-the-job training is beneficial for both employers and employees. For the employers, it is beneficial because it narrows down and prepares the skilled employees who are right for the company. By the end of the training process, the company's values, strategy, and goals are introduced and resulting in an employee's loyalty to the business. Employees trained in the job are an important asset for the company because they can cover more areas than just the tasks in their job description. On-the-job training creates a culture which extends past the bare minimum required by the job and allows continuing education as part of the working process.
As a result, an uninterrupted production process increases the company's gains when opting out from the need of an initial investment for an off-site training. On-the-job training is cost-effective. For employees, on-the-job training is beneficial because it allows them to learn a new skill or qualification within their field of work in a timely matter. During on-the-job training, they are engaged in the real production process instead of the simulated learning process. The new teammate is being introduced to the team and the company's values during the first step of the on-the-job training. On-the-job training leads to more opportunities to grow within the organization.
On-the-job training can be of disadvantage for the company when the new employee doesn't have the required skills. This will result in more time needed for the training to be completed and will cost the company more since it takes the trainer and materials out of production for the duration of the training time. On-the-job training can often cause distraction of the regular working day which can affect productivity. If employees are not introduced to the safety features and in safety precautions are not taught prior to entering the job field, there could be injuries since on-the-job training is most often used for practical tasks and working with machinery. Such an issue can cause a company a lawsuit and loss of assets. Finally, oftentimes on-the-job training is rushed and that can cause a negative effect on productivity.
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